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Chapter 1 – Understanding Technology

Meaning of Technology

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In this first lesson, you will learn what technology is, the types of technology, professions related to basic technology and the importance of technology. You will also learn about the products of technology we make use of at home, school and in industries.

The term technology is derived from the Greek words ‘techne’ and ‘logia’ meaning systematic treatment of art craft or techniques. Many years ago, there were no houses, cars, bridges, aircrafts, electrical appliances like televisions, computers, air conditioners, electric cookers and so on. People lived in caves and used tools cut out from stones and wood to kill animals for food and clothing. They had no metal tool to make their work easier, they were said to be “Technologically Primitive”.

As time passed, people began to discover that they can actually live more comfortable with less stress. They began to develop raw materials that has been provided by nature, turning them into simple tools, tame some animals not only for food but also for transportation and farming. Life was easier than what it used to be. Years later, many discoveries were made like the burning of coal and oil to generate energy for machines and so on.

Definition of Technology

Technology is the application of knowledge and usage of tools (such as machines or utensils) and techniques to control one’s environment. It also the rational process of creating means to order and transform matter, energy and information to realize certain valued end. In other words, technology is the application of scientific knowledge to solve human needs and comfort. Technology deals with tools.

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