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Chapter 2 – Types of Agriculture Based on the Levels of Production

Meaning and Characteristics of Subsistence Agriculture

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Meaning of Subsistence Agriculture

Subsistence agriculture is defined as the type of agriculture which involves the production of crops and animals by a farmer to feed himself and his family. He produces food for the consumption of the family with little or nothing left for sale.

Characteristics of Subsistence Agriculture

  1. It requires small capital/finance.
  2. Mixed cropping is mostly practiced.
  3. There is limited used of agro-chemicals e.g. pesticides and fertilizers.
  4. Unimproved varieties of crops and breeds of animals are used.
  5. There is little or no surplus for sale.
  6. It involves the use of crude/traditional tools such as hoes, machetes/cutlasses.
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