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Chapter 1 – Meaning and Importance of Agriculture

Agricultural science is a subject that deals with the planting of crops, rearing of animals as well as the provision of raw materials for industries.Agriculture is derived from two Latin words ‘ager’ (field) and ‘cultūra’ (cultivation or growing). Literally it means field cultivation. Agriculture is as old as the existence of man. It is regarded as the mother of all other occupations. It is the live-blood of the nation’s economy.


Meaning and Branches of Agriculture Importance of Agriculture

Chapter 2 – Types of Agriculture

Basically, agriculture is of two types. All farmers are not the same. Some are rich while others are poor; some have large areas of land while others have very limited land space. The differences among all farmers help to categorize agriculture into two major types, namely subsistence and commercial agriculture.


Subsistence Agriculture (Farming) Commercial Agriculture (Farming) Differences between Subsistence and Commercial Agriculture

Chapter 3 – Problems of Agricultural Development and Possible Solution

Chapter 4 – Roles of Government in Agricultural Production

Chapter 5 – The Roles of Non-Governmental Organizations (NGO) in Agricultural Development

Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) are bodies set up by private agencies or corporate bodies to develop agriculture all over the globe. These are organizations formed by individuals or group of individuals who run the organization’s affairs without government intervention. They support government projects with their wealth and resources.


Meaning and Characteristics of Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) The Roles/Importance of NGOs in Agricultural Development

Chapter 6 – Agricultural Laws and Reforms

Chapter 7 – Agricultural Ecology

Chapter 8 – Land and Its Uses

Chapter 9 – Agro-allied Industries

Chapter 10 – Environmental Factors Affecting Agricultural Production

Chapter 11 – Rock Formation

Chapter 12 – Soil Formation and Profile Development

The soil is a very important factor for agricultural activity and the survival of man. Soil is the loose weathered material covering the surface of the earth, which supports life. It can also be defined as the outermost part of the earth that is formed from the mixture of minerals and decaying organic matter which extends from the surface down to the limit of biological forces.


Factors of Soil Formation Processes of Soil Formation Soil Profile Development

Chapter 13 – Composition and Properties of Soil

Soil is the loose weathered material covering the earth surface which supports the growth of plants and sustains human and animal life.


Meaning and Types of Soil Soil Composition Soil Water Soil Living Organisms (Organic Matter) Soil Air Soil pH Physical Properties of Soil

Chapter 14 – Simple Farm Tools

Chapter 15 – Farm Machinery and Implements

Chapter 16 – Agricultural Engineering and Mechanization

Chapter 17 – Sources of Farm Power

Power is defined as the energy or force that can be used to do work. It is measured in watts (w) and kilowatts (kw). It is expressed as work done over time taken.


Meaning and Sources of Farm Power

Chapter 18 – Classifications of Crop

Chapter 19 – Husbandry of Crops

Chapter 20 – Pasture and Forage Crops